2021 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE
on ELECTRO/INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
May 14 - 15, 2021, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI
Reducing Wasted Energy Generation with Conservation Voltage Reduction
Conservation Voltage Reduction (CVR) has various use cases for providing innovative opportunities to provide reliable energy while also saving money and reducing overall carbon footprint. CVR optimizes the energy delivered onto the electric distribution grid by utilizing "smart" devices along its path throughout each Feeder. Data is incorporated from not only Advanced Meter Infrastructure (AMI) system as well as from the "smart" distribution devices, but also from historical loads on the Feeder and even weather conditions during the deployment of CVR on each Feeder. This data provides additional support for determining the Feeders that may experience the greatest benefit from CVR, as well as ensuring the voltage levels delivered to the customers are within the ANSI C84.1 standard and the steps needed to correct potential frequent voltage deviations outside of that ANSI standard. This presentation will provide an overview of CVR, focusing on its application within the Consumers Energy electric distribution grid, along with the benefits and challenges faced during the initial pilot and subsequent rollout of CVR.
Lisa Zyonse is a Senior Engineer at Consumers Energy, where she focuses on researching new, advancing technology to further enhance the electric grid. Recipient of the Company's "Leave it Better Award", Lisa leads a team of engineers on an energy waste reduction project that will result in cost benefits for both the Company and customer, as well as minimize the Company's carbon emissions footprint by 2030. Throughout the nine years with Consumers Energy, she has gained insightful knowledge and experience working across high voltage and low voltage distribution systems, as well as spending time roaming the dusty floors of a coal-powered generating plant. Lisa brings an energetic perspective to the way the Company moves forward on its path towards providing cleaner energy.
Measurement of Economic Power-An Engineering Approach
Business Directory defines economic power as "Conditions of having sufficient productive resources at command that give the capacity to make and enforce economic decisions, such as allocation of resources and apportioning of goods and services." This qualitative definition may be sufficient for general discussions, but it doesn't offer any quantitative measurements for management and control. Is there a way to measure economic power for analysis and synthesis of economic systems in this 21st century? This paper answers this question by introducing a set of quantitative terms from the field of electrical engineering, used in power measurement and control of electrical systems. Circuit theory concepts are introduced to show how the relationship between cash and cash flow in finance is analogous to that of electric charge and electric current and how education level, as economic potential, is analogous to electrical potential that causes current to flow in a circuit. An individual is identified as the basic cash flow source in the economy. Circuit models for an individual as well as a typical production facility are developed and demonstrated with an example. Equations for the measurement of economic power, losses, efficiency and power factor are presented. It is shown that the individuals are the basic cash flow sources and producers of economic power.
Dr. Mohammed Safiuddin is Research Professor Emeritus in the Electrical Engineering Department at University at Buffalo, and President of STS International, Plainfield, IL, USA. He started as Junior Engineer, Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board (India) in 1958. Joined Systems Control Department, Westinghouse Electric, Buffalo, New York in June 1960 as Associate Engineer. Progressed through the ranks of Engineer, Senior Engineer, Fellow Engineer positions to Manager, Product/Strategic Planning (1982), Power Electronics and Drive Systems Division; Technical Advisor, Marketing Department (1984). He was parttime instructor in the early sixties, Adjunct Associate Professor ('77- '91), Research Professor ('91- '10), at the University at Buffalo, USA. His areas of technical interests cover industrial control systems, renewable energy, Smart Grid power systems, and Technology Management. Has been awarded 10 patents in this field and has dozens of published papers and conference presentations. He is Life Fellow of the IEEE, was awarded Roscoe Allen Gold Medal (1957) by Osmania University, was recipient of "IUSD Award of Merit" (1992) by the IEEE-Industry Applications Society for contributions to industrial control technologies, and service to the IAS, was recognized for meritorious achievement in continuing education by the IEEE-EAB award for the year 2000. He is a member of the Pi Mu Epsilon (Mathematics), Beta Gamma Sigma (Business) and an "Eminent Engineer" member of Tau Beta Pi. He was recognized with International Business and Academic Excellence 2019 "Distinguished Educator Award" in 2019 by GISR Foundation and American College in Dubai. University at Buffalo honored him with the "2020 Engineer of the Year" award.